This is a copy of the slides I used during a talk I gave at the recent AAGBI Seminar on warfare as a stimulus for advances in anaesthesia.
The aim of the talk was to examine the history behind the development of the ATLS course, and to examine its applicability to 21st century trauma management.
My presentation can be downloaded by clicking the link below:
ATLS AAGBI Seminar 2014
I recently attended the Association of Anaesthetists Core Topics Meeting, September 2013.
In order to allow those who were unable to attend the meeting to gain a flavour of the topics covered by the speakers I have created a summary of the key points of each talk (in my opinion).
The RCOA Matrix Codes for each talk are shown, along with the details of the speaker.
Anaesthesia for emergency laparotomy (2A03, 2C03): Dr Craig Morris, Derby
- If bowel perforation 50% of bacteria are resistant to cephalosporins. Give Tazocin 4.5g intraoperatively. No need to reduce dose even if patient has ARF.
Managing fluids in hip fracture patients (2A04, 2A05): Dr Iain Moppett, Nottingham
- Check Hb in PACU and make a transfusion decision. Late blood transfusions on the ward delays rehab by up to 24 h.
- Transfusion triggers: no evidence for transfusion preop; intraoperatively only if Hb very low. Postoperative transfusions make no difference to LOS or mortality with triggers 80 vs 100g/l
- 40% of #NOF patients have significant intraoperative hypotension (SBP <60). Need a low threshold for invasive monitoring
- Intraoperative fluid administration probably best with GDT (LiDCO or TOD): decreased LOS & postoperative complications but no decrease in mortality (for GA patients). The role of GDT with SAB is yet to be answered.
- 10% Hb<10; 16% ARF. Mild hyponatraemia on presentation very common (usually due to diuretic dose) and can be ignored. 25% pats respond to fluid blouses in theatre.
Maintaining skills for the difficult airway (2A01): Dr Rob McCahon, Nottingham
- Maintenance of airway skills. Skill fade an issue for anaesthetists. Needle cric/alternate DL (e.g. GlideScope, CMA etc) skills drop off at 1-12 months.
- Airway skills. Anaesthetists often ignore anticipated airway difficulties with overreliance on direct laryngoscopy with reluctance to do AFOI
Analgesia for lower limb arthroplasty (2E01, 2G01): Dr Nigel Bedforth, Nottingham
- Enhanced recovery for TKR/THR – whole package of care more important than anaesthetic and analgesic techniques.
- Analgesia for THR. Local anaesthetic infiltration ineffective, providing oral multimodal analgesia used.
- Analgesia for TKR. Local infiltration of LA effective for 26-32 h; this effect magnified by addition of compression bandage.
- Analgesia for TKR. Obdurator & sciatic nerve blocks probably only of value for first 6 h postop. SAB+FNB alone probably best.
- Analgesia for TKR. Pain worse than THR (up to 48h). FNB more effective than epidural after 4 h with lower SE.
- THR postoperative pain scores only significant for 6 h postop. Lumbar plexus block better than FNB but neither as good as spinal morphine.
- Analgesia for TKR/THR. Evolving evidence that regional techniques assoc with less surgical site infections.
- Analgesia for TKR/THR. Perineural & epidural techniques superior to opiates at all time points (+less blood loss & VTE!)
Safety of spinal anaesthesia Domain (2B04, 2G04): Dr David Bogod, Nottingham
- How safe is SAB? 65% of anaesthetists are higher up the spinal cord than they think (1-2 levels). Only 30% are correct!
- Beware of chlorhexidine & SAB (severe arachnoiditis). Use only 0.5%, keep trolley covered, check gloves for contamination
This is the talk I delivered at the Association of Anaesthetists Core Topics Meeting, September 2013.
It aims to provide an update on Depth of Anaesthesia Monitoring, with a particular focus on the use of BIS.
The RCOA Matrix Codes for this talk are 2A04 & 1A03.
The handout of my slides can be found here: AAGBI DOA Nottm 2013 Handout